September 2017


As North America prepares to make a first leap of faith into an individual producer responsibility (IPR) regime within a legally-mandated circular economy, many newly liberated producers are contemplating a most unlikely strategy in meeting their separate legal obligations – re-collectivizing. Conflicting Interests In Vertical Re-Integration One of the looming challenges facing all producers, whether directly or through a producer responsibility organization (PRO), is the need to secure a supply chain for the resource recovery…