Category

Air

Category

Marisa Martin and Alexandra Carranza’s article, “Encouraging Private Investments in REDD+ in the Post-2020 Paris Agreement World” has been published in IETA Insights Quarterly Report: Greenhouse Gas Market Report, No. 3, 2018. The article (pages 13-16), discusses how Peru is approaching nesting projects, the challenges ahead, and how the country can open the door for increased private sector capital. To read the article in its entirety, click HERE.

On September 21, 2016, Brazil ratified the Paris Agreement executed under the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) with the objective to promote greenhouse gases reduction as well as to avoid the increase of the global average temperature, among others. In such context, parties have committed to reduce their greenhouse gas emissions through the so-called Nationally Determined Contributions, which in the case of Brazil corresponds to a reduction of 37% of the 2005…

The recent decision of the Austrian Federal Administration Court (W109 2000179-1/291E) reading in climate change considerations relating to proposed expansion of Vienna’s international airport under the Austrian Environmental Impact Assessment Act (the “Vienna Airport Case”) should not appear unusual or unique to the environmental and constitutional law of Austria.   In fact, Canadians will recognize the decision as part of a broader transition from project-specific EAs to assessments incorporating international environmental considerations such as climate change.…

At first glance, Environment and Climate Change Canada’s new fuels strategy paper Canada: Fueling A Lower Carbon Future, would seem to only affirm what has been clear for months – lifecycle carbon intensity fuels standards will supplement minimum designated renewable fuel additive (think ethanol) “mandate” standards. Ambitious Plans for CFS In November 2016, Environment and Climate Change Canada (ECCC) clearly signaled its preference for a lifecycle-based low carbon fuel methodology for its clean fuel standard (CFS).   The…

The Ontario Cap and Trade regime is finally here, with its (complex) allocations, offsets and auction mechanisms.  Ontario large emitters (25,000+ CO2e tonnes per year) will have already immersed themselves in Cap and Trade, perhaps in conjunction with the linked Quebec or California schemes, or the international programs.  (A “practice” auction was held for large emitters earlier this year). Who Are Small Regulated Emitters? But what about the relatively small emitters (circa 10-25,000 CO2e…

The Province of Ontario has just issued draft policy on renewable fuel standards,  Developing a modern renewable fuel standard for gasoline in Ontario (“RFS Policy”) which may well create the dynamic conditions for innovation in the fuels sector that are long overdue. Performance is 5% GHG Emissions Reductions The RFS Policy sets a “performance-based” standard for renewable fuels without any particular allegiance to any particular renewable fuel additive, such as RFS stalwart ethanol.   The current provincial…

Alberta’s Climate Leadership Act will become effective on January 1st, 2017, unleashing varying carbon levies on no fewer than 25 different fuels consumed by industry and consumers inside Alberta.  That’s the Grinch. The Act does, however, offer users of fuels in Alberta a myriad of exemptions under which relief from the carbon levies may be available, in part or in whole.  That’s Santa. Available Exemptions No fewer than 12 exemptions are available including: Already…

Between 2010 and 2014, provincial governments from Ontario westward, as well as the federal government, implemented renewable fuel standard (RFS) regulations.  Targeting both gasoline and diesel, the stated goal for these standards has been the presumed greenhouse gas emission reductions that come with ethanol and renewable distillate content, with rural economic opportunity to supply the mandated renewable content often mentioned as an ancillary benefit. This importance to the local agricultural economies of RFS can be seen in…

The scene was almost reminiscent of the bad old days of Trudeau I and the National Energy Program. The federal government announces a minimum carbon price in the House of Commons while the provincial premiers are meeting elsewhere, prompting a very public walk-out by a dissident group, none of whose provinces have carbon reduction programs in place. In the resulting media scrum, threats of constitutional challenges to the federal climate change strategy ring out. Feds Reclaim…

In reading the recent news reports on the September 27th, 2016 approval by the federal government of the Pacific Northwest Liquid Natural Gas plant and terminal near Prince Rupert, British Columbia, it would appear that no stakeholders were happy with the decision.  In fact, many claim surprise if not outright shock over the terms set under the Canadian Environmental Assessment Act Permit and much mention is made of the “190 conditions”. But a careful review…